Cover: Simi Merlot (Burgundy) 100% Leather
Construction: Kiln dried hardwood, double corner blocked, screwed and glued, and padded.
Custom order options are not available for this collectioin
Package Components(If applicable):
Advantages of Buying Leather
Leather is a natural material; making it an ideal choice for comfort.
Leather has excellent temperature adaptation making it comfortable during the heat of the summer and cool of the winter.
Leather conforms to your body shape and becomes more comfortable with use.
Only leather ages so that it becomes more supple throughout the years.
Each leather hide is unique. No one hide is exactly like another.
Leathercomes with its own distinctive markings and characteristics; making each purchase truly unique.
Leather has legendary tear strength, making it one of the strongest upholstery materials known to man.
Leather'sstrength and elasticity gives it high ripping resistance.
Like our skin, leather has tight as well as strong fibers that prevent the penetration of dust, lint, animal hairs, or cigarette smoke.
Leather is an ideal choice for those persons who are dust-sensitive or possess allergenic conditions.
Leather Care Tips
Protecting all LeatherFurniture with Cardi's Optional Extended Warranty plan offers you piece of mind. See your warranty plan for specific information.
Maintain at least two feet between your furniture and heating sources.
Prolonged exposure to heat vents and radiators may cause your leather to dry
Use of general household cleaning products, chemicals and abrasives are not recommended as they can break down the Leather'sprotective surface and cause damage. Never use harsh chemicals or cleaning agents (such as furniture polish, ammonia, or detergent soaps) on your Leatherfurniture. Avoid all products containing solvents, silicones, or oils, as they may negatively affect the Leather's surface.
Leather should be dusted regularly. Use a soft, white cloth to clean your furniture. The soft brush attachment on your vacuum cleaner may also be used.
Failure to adhere to the above care guidelines, could void your warranty. If you have a spill, blot the spill dry immediately with a soft, clean cloth. Like all items in your house, Leather can accumulate dust. You can fully
remove dust particles from the surface with a soft cloth, making it ideal
for dust sensitive people.
Avoid placing your furniture in direct sunlight (under windows or skylights). All materials will fade over time when placed in direct sunlight. Some Leathersare especially sensitive to sunlight. Sunlight can and most likely will cause not only fading, but will
break down the fabric fibers and leather causing deterioration.
Like all items in your house,Leather can accumulate dust. You can fully remove dust particles from the surface with a soft cloth, making it ideal for dust sensitive people.
Certain types of Leathers perform better when preventative maintenance is practiced. Please consult with a Cardi's sales associate to discuss our Optional Extended In-Home Furniture Protection Plan.
Comfort wrinkles will naturally develop as you settle into your new chair or sofa. To keep wrinkles to a minimum, fluff and turn detached cushions and pillows regularly. While it is possible to minimize these wrinkles, please bear in mind, they are a normal part of the maturing of an upholstered piece of furniture.
Periodic cushion rotation (when applicable) ensures even wear and compression of cushions.
• Please note: 15% to 20% loss of resiliency in foam cores is considered normal.
Avoid using ink pens, nail polish, nail polish remover,or other harmful household products near your leather furniture in order to avoid possible spills, which may cause permanent damage.
Avoid placing newspapers or magazines on the surface of your leather furniture as the inks may transfer on to the leathercausing permanent damage.
Leatheris not warrantied by the factory mills against wearing. Therefore, we do not warrant the
wearing, color fastness (fade-ability) or durability of any fabric.
Other Important Warranty Information:
•All Clearance Merchandise is sold As Is, As Shown and has No Warranty.
• Workmanship on seams and attached buttons is warrantied for a period of one year
from the date of delivery or pickup. This does not include defects due to moving, misuse, abuse, or animals. Furniture that has been placed in direct sunlight or has been treated with a chemical process (other than
that applied by Cardi’s Furniture,) and leather that have shrunk are not covered in this warranty.
• Frame and spring construction is warrantied for a period of one year from the date of delivery or pickup
against defects in materials or workmanship such as defective frame parts, defective dowel joints, and any
manufacturing defect resulting in defective metal springs. Seasonal cracks in frames, knot and wormholes,
and differences in finish colors are all inherent characteristics of wood used in upholstered furniture and are not considered defects.
• Metal frames, legs, casters, reclining mechanisms, and sleep sofa mechanisms are warrantied for a period of
1 year from the date of delivery or pickup against defects such as loose linkage, rivets, and/or loose welds
that inhibit the normal use of the item. Please realize that a certain degree of “free play” is normal in
most mechanisms and is not considered a defect.
• Sleep sofas are not designed or built for daily use as a bed. Usage beyond once or twice a week will cause
your sleep sofa to wear out prematurely. Sleep sofa mattresses are warrantied for a period of one year from
the date of pickup or delivery against defects such as: total loss of foam resiliency and seam slippage of
mattress covers. Mattresses will become creased at fold lines and, as with cushion cores, these mattresses
will compress and soften with use. These characteristics are not considered defects.
Understanding the Natural Markings of Leather
Graining - The grain, similar to human fingerprints, is unique to each individual hide. It is the hallmark of full grainleatherhides and can vary from hide to hide or even within one particular hide.
Branding Marks - Brand marks, or fire brands, are used as identification marks and are part of virtually every hide.
Stretch Marks - Stretch marks occur as a result of giving birth and become a permanent marking on the cow.
Healed Scars - Scratch marks are the result of the cow's unsheltered life and evidence that the hide is indeed top grain. Hides with fewer scratch marks are usually more expensive, but the marks do not affect strength or durability. Typical healed scars include those caused by insect/tick bites and barbwire marks.
Insect/Tick Bites - Scars caused by the abundance of insect and/or tick bites. Typically, these scars heal but leave visible markings.
Fat Wrinkles - Wrinkles occur naturally in the loose skin around the neck and belly of all cows. The skin must be loose to allow the needed flexibility for grazing and overall growth.
Backbone - Natural furrows appear along the backbone of all hides due to the animal's physiology.
What is Tanning - A process that uses tanning agents to convert a raw hide into a stable, non-perishable material. This is achieved by cleaning, drying, and preserving the hide. (See below for a more detailed look at the tanning process.)
Curing - The leather hide is cured by immersion in a salt solution to protect it from deterioration and to preserve it for future use.
Soaking - The leather hide is soaked in water to remove the salt solution and re-hydrate the hide to its original flaccid condition.
De-hairing - The soaked hides are treated with a lime solution for the de-hairing process. The lime solution not only removes the hair, but also fats and soluable proteins.
Tanning - Tanning involves drumming the hides in a mixture of chemicals. Two of the most common types of tanning include chromium tanning, which results in a wet blue appearance, and vegetable tanning.
Splitting - The average thickness of a cowhide is 5mm before splitting. The hides are split in a splitting machine which activates a fast running wirecutter. This operation divides the hide into two hides: top grain leather and split leather. The top grain hides are then shaved on the flesh side to create a uniform thickness. Standard top grain upholstery leather thickness can be 0.9mm-1.4mm. Split leathers are typically used on non-stress areas, such as outside backs and outside arms.
Sorting - The hides are then sorted or separated by differing levels of quality. This quality is based on the extent of natural markings which could include ticks bites, brands, barb wire scars, and/or stretch marks. This process is called selection. The highest quality of leather hides are normally termed ?A? selection. 'B' and 'C' hides possess a higher number of natural markings, therefore reducing overall selection.
Dyeing - The leather hide is drum dyed. The dye concentration in the drum affects level of penetration into the hide, richness of shade, colorfastness to light, ease of dry cleaning, and resistance to rubbing, etc. The dyed leather is then treated with fat-liquors for softness and strength.
Drying - After the dyeing process, theleather hide can retain 45-60% water. Most upholstery leather is tunnel dried where the temperature and humidity are controlled. After the leather is dried, it dries to a paler shade as the oils spread uniformly and the dyes penetrate deeply.
Finishing - The finishing of a leather hide involves both mechanical and chemical treatments. The hide is first trimmed and conditioned with fat-liquors to obtain uniform moisture content. The hide is then softened with a massage machine and stretched. Some leathersare further processed by applying a top coat finish to the grain surface. The top coat adheres to the leather?s surface while increasing the resistance to abrasion, cracking, peeling, rubbing, light, heat, etc. A pigmented finish is sometimes applied which contains a variety of colorations, resins, lacquers, oils and/or waxes. Afterwards, the hide is milled in a dry drum to soften the leather. Note: leather can be finished a variety of ways depending on quality of hide, type of leather, and level of pigmentation.
Glossary of Terms
Aniline Dyed - Leather that has been dyed throughout by immersion in a dye-bath and has not received any coating of pigmented finish. This form of transparent dye penetrates the hide with color.
Buffing - Leatherwhich has been smoothed by mechanical abrasion to minimize surface blemishes, such as healed scars.
Chromium Tanning - Upholstery leatherwhich has been tanned with chromium salts. This method makes the hide flexible and supple.
Corrected Grain Leather - Leather from which the grain layer has been partially removed by buffing and upon which a new surface has been created by various finishes (e.g. embossing).
Crocking - The rubbing off of surface substances or color onto another material.
Crust - Leather that has been tanned, dyed, and dried ? but not finished.
Distressed - Process used to create an effect resembling a worn look or an aged appearance. Techniques used to create this effect include tumbling the hides with abrasive items in order to scratch the leather?s surface.
Drum Dyed - Leather is immersed in a drum with dyes and tumbled to insure complete color absorption.
Embossing - Process of printing leather with a raised pattern either imitating or resembling an animal grain pattern. A unique pattern may be embossed on the leather that is unrelated to the natural grain pattern. Leathers are pressed with an embossing plate under heat and pressure to either lay out the grain as smoothly as possible or to impart a textured effect. Embossing may also be done to disguise defects or blemishes.
Fat Liquoring - Process of replacing oils that have been depleted from the hide during the tanning process.
Fat Wrinkle - Natural wrinkles in the leather?s grain that are unique to each hide. Normally visible only in full grain leathers. Common around the neck, belly, and shoulder areas of the hide.
Finishing - Any process performed after the initial dyeing stage such as buffing, embossing, milling, spraying, etc. These leathers are treated with a topcoat substance to help provide abrasion and stain resistance. These substances can be lacquers, varnishes, polymers, or enamels. The finishing substance may also include additional pigments and/or dyes.
Full Grain - Leather which has not been buffed or abraded retaining all natural markings and characteristics.
Glazed - Leathertreated with a top coat containing not only gloss, but also protection.
Gloss Finish - Higher shine/sheen level finish usually with enhanced texture added.
Grain - Pattern characterized by the pores and peculiar to the animal concerned, visible on the outer surface of a hide after the hair has been removed.
Hand - Term describing the leather?s degree of softness and feel as well as the reaction of the sense of touch when leather is held in the hand.
Hand Antiqued - Hand application of a darker color over a lighter color creating a dramatic highlight.
Hide - The whole or entire skin of a larger animal, usually cattle, for upholstery leather.
Leather - A hide or skin that has been tanned into a non-perishable material.
Matte Finish - Low gloss finish usually with enhanced texture added.
Micropigment - Coloring of the hide by using a coating which contains clear, transparent pigments. This coating can also be accompanied by a thin layer of opaque pigmentation creating a more uniform shade.
Milling/Tumbling - Process in which tanned hides are placed in drums with heat and water and tumbled to create a desired softness or effect.
Naked Leather - Tanned, aniline dyed leather that has no protective top coat. Commonly referred to as pure aniline.
Natural Grain - Leatherwhose grain has not been altered in any way. The natural appearance of the grain is predominant showing visibly healed scars, fat wrinkles, insect bites, etc.
Nubuck - Top grain, aniline dyed leather that has been buffed to create a ?suede like? nap effect.
Patina - Surface luster that develops on Pure Aniline Leathers and Nubuck Leathers which grows more beautiful with use and the passing of time.
Pigment Finish - Coloring of the hide by using a coating which contains pigments and other opaque materials. This finish creates a more uniform shade and an increased resistance to fading.
Pull-Up - Leatherthat derives its look and some colorations from dyes, waxes, and/or oils. When the leather is pulled during upholstering, the oils in the leather cause the color to migrate and become lighter.
Pure Aniline -Leather that is aniline dyed and exhibits natural markings and characteristics because the grain has not been altered in any way.
Sauvage / Kela - Two-toned effect in which a darker color is applied over a lighter color. This effect can be created during the finishing process either with a roller or spray equipment, or by hand. Similar to faux finishes on walls.
Semi-Aniline - Leather that has been aniline dyed throughout then protected by a clear or pigmented finish coating thus creating a more consistent color than pure aniline leathers. Natural markings may be visible with semi-anilineleathers .
Split Grain - The underneath layer of a hide which has been ?split? off when the top grain is separated. If finished, the split is heavily embossed and surfaced treated.
Suede - Leather produced from the underneath layer/lower split of a hide possessing a velvet-like nap effect. Suedes do not have the same durable characteristics as top grain leathers.
Tanning - Process using tanning agents to convert a raw hide into a stable, non-perishable material. Tanning strips the hide of indigenous color making it receptive to color dyes.
Top Grain - Top part of the skin or hide. The grain may be either Full Grain or Embossed Grain. The Top Grain of the hide is stronger and more flexible.
Vegetable Tanning - Leatherwhich has been processed by using tannins obtained from bark, wood, or other parts of plants and trees. Although this tanning process adds to the toughness of leather, it also limits the stretching of the leather. Vegetable tanned leathers are used more commonly manufacturing shoes, bridles, handbags, etc.
Wet Blue - Refers to the 'blue' color and appearance created by the chromium tanning process.